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  • GNTST PNST Nursing Exam online Paper 2019 Day-2

    GNTST PNST Syllabus 2020

    Mentioned below is the complete details of GNTST PNST Entrance Exam 2020:

    Subjects Important Topics
    Physics Dimensions analysis, Unit and Dimensions, S.I, Units, Conservation of momentum and energy, Static and kinetic friction, Hooke’s Law, Stefan’s law, Wave nature of light, Reflection, Refraction, Total internal reflection, Curved mirrors, Lenses, Bohr model of the atom, Surface energy, Velocity of light, Oscillations, Beats and Doppler effect, Human eye, Prism, Electric current, Electric power etc.
    Chemistry General chemistry, Organic chemistry, and Inorganic chemistry. Let us see a few topics to start with. Structure a of atom, Solutions, Solid-state, Chemical bond, Nuclear chemistry, Thermochemistry, Thermodynamics, Crystal lattice, Enthalpy, Rate of reaction, Chemical kinetics, Voltaic cell, Electrochemical, Ion–electron, Arrhenius equation, Faraday’s law, Energy changing due to chemical reaction, Intrinsic energy, Radiocarbon dating, Properties of solids etc.
    Biology Structure organization of the cell, Light, and electron microscopic view of cells, Five kingdom classification binomial nomenclature, Elementary knowledge of microsporogenesis, megasporogenesis. Fertilization endosperm and embryo development in angiosperms, Bacteriophage, Cyanobacteria, External morphology, Role of plants in human welfare, Enzymes and growth hormones, Prokaryote and Eukaryotes etc.
    General English Reading comprehension, Vocabulary, Prefixes, and Suffixes, Articles and Determiners, Time and tenses, Prepositions and Phrasal verbs, Voices, Narration, Types of the sentence, Common errors.
    Zoology
    • Structure and Function of Animals Life
    • Development Body and Genetics
    • Taxonomy Evolution Economic Zoology

  • GNTST PNST Nursing Exam online Paper 2019

    Mentioned below is the complete details of GNTST PNST Entrance Exam 2020:

    Subjects Important Topics
    Physics Dimensions analysis, Unit and Dimensions, S.I, Units, Conservation of momentum and energy, Static and kinetic friction, Hooke’s Law, Stefan’s law, Wave nature of light, Reflection, Refraction, Total internal reflection, Curved mirrors, Lenses, Bohr model of the atom, Surface energy, Velocity of light, Oscillations, Beats and Doppler effect, Human eye, Prism, Electric current, Electric power etc.
    Chemistry General chemistry, Organic chemistry, and Inorganic chemistry. Let us see a few topics to start with. Structure a of atom, Solutions, Solid-state, Chemical bond, Nuclear chemistry, Thermochemistry, Thermodynamics, Crystal lattice, Enthalpy, Rate of reaction, Chemical kinetics, Voltaic cell, Electrochemical, Ion–electron, Arrhenius equation, Faraday’s law, Energy changing due to chemical reaction, Intrinsic energy, Radiocarbon dating, Properties of solids etc.
    Biology Structure organization of the cell, Light, and electron microscopic view of cells, Five kingdom classification binomial nomenclature, Elementary knowledge of microsporogenesis, megasporogenesis. Fertilization endosperm and embryo development in angiosperms, Bacteriophage, Cyanobacteria, External morphology, Role of plants in human welfare, Enzymes and growth hormones, Prokaryote and Eukaryotes etc.
    General English Reading comprehension, Vocabulary, Prefixes, and Suffixes, Articles and Determiners, Time and tenses, Prepositions and Phrasal verbs, Voices, Narration, Types of the sentence, Common errors.
    Zoology
    • Structure and Function of Animals Life
    • Development Body and Genetics
    • Taxonomy Evolution Economic Zoology

    Exam Pattern

    The MPPEB announced the paper pattern for GNTST General Nursing Training Selection Test and PNST Pre-Nursing Selection Test (B.sc Nursing) going to be conducted in Madhya Pradesh.

    S.No. Subjects No. of Questions No. of Marks
    1. Physics 30 30
    2. Chemistry 30 30
    3. Botany 30 30
    4. Zoology 30 30
    5. English 30 30
    Total 150 150

  • GNTST PNST Nursing Exam Paper 2019

    MP GNTST PNST 2020: Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board (MPPEB) is going to conduct General Nursing Training Selection Test (GNTST) and Pre-Nursing Selection Test PNST (B.Sc Nursing) for selecting the eligible candidates for the Prospective Nurse posts. Only female candidates are allowed to apply for the post. The test is going to be conducted in June 2020. The Board is inviting MP GNTST/ PNST Applications from all the interested and eligible candidates. Below are the important details for MP PNST/ GNTST Eligibility and application details required for applying for the exam.

    Event Date
    Commencement of online application April 020
    Last date for submitting the application form May 2020
    Rectification or Corrections in the online application April-May 2020
    MP GNTST PNST 2020 Admit Card Availability June 2020
    GNTST & PNST Examination Date June 2020
    Result  July 2020

  • Chapter Notes For Dual Nature of Radiations and Matter Class 12 Physics NCERT CBSE

    Electron Emission : The phenomenon of emission of electrons from a metal surface is called electron
    emission. It is of following types :
    (i) Thermionic emission : By heating, thermal energy is imparted to free electrons to enable them to
    emit form the metal surface.
    (ii) Field emission : Electons are emitted from the metal surface by subjecting it to a very high
    electric field.
    (iii) Photoelectric emission : When light of suitable frequency illuminates a metal surface, electrons
    are emitted from the metal surface.
    Photons : Accordings to quantum theor, an electromagentic radiation travels in the form of discreate
    packets of energy called quanta. One quantum of light radiation is called a photon.
    Properties of Photons :
    1. They travel in straight line with speed of light in vacuum.
    2. Frequency of photon does not change when photon travels through different media.
    3. There is a change in space of photon of different media, which is due to change in its wavelenght.
    4. The energy of a photon is given by


  • Chapter Notes For Atoms Class 12 Physics NCERT CBSE

    Thomson’s Atomic Model : According to this model, an atom consists of a positively charged sphere in
    which entire mass & positive charge of the atom in uniformly distributed. Inside this sphere, the elctrons
    are embedded like seeds in a waternelon or like plums in a pudding. The number of elecrons is such that
    their negative charge is equal to positive charge. Thus, atoms is electically neutral.


  • NCERT Solutions Chapter 15 CBSE Class 12 Communication System

    Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV and
    digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium. Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere,
    sky and space wave propagation. Need for modulation. Production and detection of an amplitude-modulated
    wave.


  • NCERT Solutions Chapter 14 CBSE Class 12 Semiconductor Devices and Electronics

    Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
    semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics
    of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor,
    transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration)
    and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.


  • NCERT Solution Class 12 CBSE Chapter 12 Atoms

    Alpha - particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels,
    hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.
    Radioactivity – alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law.
    Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear
    fission and fusion.


  • NCERT Solution Class 12 CBSE Chapter 13 Nuclie

    Alpha - particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels,
    hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.
    Radioactivity – alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law.
    Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear
    fission and fusion.


  • NCERT Solution Class 12 CBSE Chapter 11 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

    Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation – particle
    nature of light.
    Matter waves – wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment
    (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained.)


  • NCERT Solution Class 12 CBSE Chapter 10 Wave Optics

    Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its
    applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula.
    Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror.
    Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
    Scattering of light – blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
    Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects
    (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses.
    Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
    Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane
    surface using wavefronts.
    Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle.
    Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and
    sustained interference of light.
    Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
    Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarised light;
    Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids.


  • NCERT Solution Class 12 CBSE Chapter 9 Optics

    Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its
    applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula.
    Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror.
    Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
    Scattering of light – blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
    Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects
    (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses.
    Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
    Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane
    surface using wavefronts.
    Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle.
    Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and
    sustained interference of light.
    Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
    Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarised light;
    Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids.


  • NCERT Solution Class 12 CBSE Chapter 8 Electromagnetic Waves

    Need for displacement current.
    Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of
    electromagnetic waves.
    Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma
    rays) including elementary facts about their uses.


  • NCERT Solution Class 12 CBSE Chapter 7 Alternating Current AC

    Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self
    and mutual inductance.
    Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC
    oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless
    current.
    AC generator and transformer.


  • NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 CBSE Class 12 Electromagnetic Induction EMI

    Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self
    and mutual inductance.
    Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC
    oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless
    current.
    AC generator and transformer.


  • NCERT Solution Class 12 CBSE Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter

    All Ncert problems with solutions

    Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a
    revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and
    perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet
    as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
    Para-, dia- and ferro - magnetic substances, with examples.
    Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.


  • NCERT Solution Class 12 CBSE Chapter 4 Moving charges and magnetism

    Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot - Savart law and its application to current
    carrying circular loop.
    Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force
    on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
    Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel currentcarrying
    conductors – definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field;
    moving coil galvanometer – its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
    Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a
    revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and
    perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet
    as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
    Para-, dia- and ferro - magnetic substances, with examples.
    Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

     


  • NCERT Solutions Chapter 3 CBSE Class 12 Current Electricity

    Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their
    relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear),
    electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
    Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors;
    temperature dependence of resistance.
    Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in
    parallel.
    Kirchhoff ’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.
    Potentiometer – principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of
    two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

    All Ncert Exercise with solutions

    The storage battery of a car has an emf of 12 V. If the internal resistance of the battery is 0.4Ω, what is the maximum current that can be drawn from the battery?


  • NCERT Solution Class 12 CBSE Chapter 2 Electric Potential and Capacitance

    Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of
    charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric
    dipoles in an electrostatic field.
    Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric
    polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance
    of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a
    capacitor, Van de Graaff generator.

    NCERT Exercise 2.1 Two charges 5 × 10−8 C and −3 × 10−8 C are located 16 cm apart. At what point(s) on the line joining the two charges is the electric potential zero? Take the potential at infinity to be zero.


  • NCERT Solution Class 12 CBSE Chapter 1 Electric Charge and Field

    Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law – force between two point charges, forces
    between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
    Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to
    a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
    Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long
    straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside
    and outside).

    Exercise 


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 11 Thermal Properties of Matter

    Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear,
    modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.
    Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes).
    Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
    Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical
    velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
    Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension
    ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
    Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous
    expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat.
    Heat transfer – conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of
    Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.
    Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

    Question 11.1:
    The triple points of neon and carbon dioxide are 24.57 K and 216.55 K respectively.
    Express these temperatures on the Celsius and Fahrenheit scales.
     


  • NCERT Solutions Chapter 15 Waves

    Ncert Exercise related to Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a
    progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and
    organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.

    A string of mass 2.50 kg is under a tension of 200 N. The length of the stretched string is
    20.0 m. If the transverse jerk is struck at one end of the string, how long does the
    disturbance take to reach the other end?


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 14 Oscillations

    Exercise Related to Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple
    harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring – restoring force and force constant;
    energy in SHM – kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time
    period; free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.

    NCERT Exercise 14.1 Which of the following examples represent periodic motion?
    A swimmer completing one (return) trip from one bank of a river to the other and back.
    A freely suspended bar magnet displaced from its N S direction and released
    A hydrogen molecule rotating about its center of mass.
    An arrow released from a bow.


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 13 Kinetic Theory of gases

    Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
    Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; rms
    speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application
    to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path, Avogadro’s number.

    Exercise 13.1 Estimate the fraction of molecular volume to the actual volume occupied by oxygen gas
    at STP. Take the diameter of an oxygen molecule to be 3Å.


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 12 Thermodynamics

    Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Heat, work and
    internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
    Second law of thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators.


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 11 Properties of Bulk Matter, Thermal Properties of Matter

    Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear,
    modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.
    Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes).
    Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
    Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical
    velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
    Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension
    ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
    Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous
    expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat.
    Heat transfer – conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of
    Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.
    Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 9 Properties of Bulk Matter ( Mechanical Properties of Fluids)

    Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear,
    modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.
    Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes).
    Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
    Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical
    velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
    Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension
    ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
    Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous
    expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat.
    Heat transfer – conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of
    Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.
    Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 8 Gravitation

    Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its
    variation with altitude and depth.
    Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite.
    Geostationary satellites.


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 7 Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

    Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre
    of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod.
    Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some
    examples.
    Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear
    and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects
    (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 6 Work Power Energy

    Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
    Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical
    energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and
    inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 5 Laws of motion

    Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second
    law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its
    applications.
    Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
    Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on
    level circular road, vehicle on banked road).


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 4 Motion in Plane

    Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and
    non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocitytime
    and position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
    Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector
    quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication
    of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.
    Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane – rectangular components.
    Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform
    acceleration – projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

    State for each of the following physical
    quantities, if it is a scalar or a vector:
    volume, mass, speed, acceleration, density, number
    of moles, velocity, angular frequency, displacement,
    angular velocity.

     


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 3 Motion in straight line

    In which of the following exam pormation, (c) a .pinning cricket ball that turns sharply on
    can Ihe body be considered approximately a point object: hitting the ground.
    (a) a railway carriage moving without jerks
    be/ween two station ..
    (b) a monkey .ilting on top of a man cycling
    smoothly on a circular track.
    (d) a tumbling beaker that has .lipped off the edge
    of a table.


  • NCERT Solution Chapter 2 Units and Measurement

    NCERT Class 11 Unit and dimentions solution for all problems including 

    additional exercise.

     


  • HC Verma Chapter-46 Solution - THE NUCLEUS

    Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivityalpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.


  • HC Verma Chapter-45 Solution - SEMICONDUCTORS AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

    Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only) Semiconductor diode - I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; Special purpose p-n junction diodes: LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode and their characteristics, zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor and transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration), basic idea of analog and digital signals, Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR).


  • HC Verma Chapter-43 Solution - BOHR'S MODEL AND PHYSICS OF THE ATOM

    Atoms Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. 

    Nuclei Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivityalpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.


  • HC Verma Chapter-42 Solution - Photoelectric Effect and Wave—Particle Duality

    Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).


  • HC Verma Chapter-40 Solution -ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

    Basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their transverse nature (qualitative ideas only).

    Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.


  • HC Verma Chapter-39 Solution - Alternating Current

    Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.


  • HC Verma Chapter-38 Solution - ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION

    Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s laws, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual induction.


  • HC Verma Chapter-37 Solution - Magnetic Properties of Matter

    Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.

    Para-, dia- and ferro - magnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.


  • HC Verma Chapter-36 Solution -PERMANENT MAGNETS

    Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.

    Para-, dia- and ferro - magnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.


  • HC Verma Chapter-35 Solution - Magnetic Field due to a Current

    Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.

    Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.

    Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. Straight and toroidal solenoids, Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.

    Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

    Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.

    Para-, dia- and ferro - magnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.


  • HC Verma Chapter-34 Solution - MAGNETIC FIELD

    Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment., Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.,Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. Straight and toroidal solenoids, Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.

    Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.


  • HC Verma Chapter-33 Solution - Thermal and Chemical Effects of Electric Current

    The fact that chemical changes produce electrical effects was discovered accidentally in 1791 , by Luigi Galvani, Professor of anatomy at university of Bologna, Italy. He found that an electrical current flowed across two dissimilar -metals between which was a moist substance. In his case moist substance was a frog and the passage of electrical current was detected by the twitching of its leg.

    Faraday's Law of Electrolysis, Daniel Cell,

    Thermoelectricity
    Peltier Effect
    Thomson Effect
     Seebeck Effect
    Thermopile
      Electrolysis
    Electrochemical Cells
    Electrolytic Conduction
    Volta's Experiment

  • HC Verma Chapter-32 Solution - electric current in conductors

    Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity. Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.

    Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell,combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.

    Potentiometer - principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.


  • HC Verma Chapter-31 Solution - Capacitors

    Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.


  • HC Verma Chapter-30 Solution - Gauss's Law

    Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).


  • HC Verma Chapter-29 Solution - Electric Field and Potential

    Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. 

    Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field.

    Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).


  • HC Verma Solution Chapter-28 Heat Transfer

    Heat Transfer Conduction, Convection and Radiation, thermal conductivity, Qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein's displacement Law, Stefan's law, Green house effect.

     


  • HC Verma Solution Chapter- 27 Specific heat capacities of gases

    Two kinds of specific heats capacities of gases, relation between Cp and Cv and detrmination, isothermal and adiabatic process, relation between p V R and T, work done in adiabatic and isothermal processes, equipartition of energy


  • HC Verma Solution Chapter- 26 Laws of Thermodynamics

    The first law, second law and zeroth law of thermodynamics, work done by gas,heat engine,reversible and irriversible process, entropy, carnot engine


  • HC Verma Solution Chapter- 25 Calorimetry

    heat as a form of energy, unit of heat,principle of calorimetry, specific heat and molar specific heat,determination of specific capacity in lab,specific latent heat in fusion and vaporization,mechanical equivalent of heat,, heat of vapooriization of water


  • HC Verma Solution Chapter- 24 Kinetic theory of gases

    • Thermal Expansion of Solids, Liquids, and Gase, Conduction of Heat in One Dimension, Specific Heats Cv and Cp for Monatomic and Diatomic Gase, Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes , First Law of Thermodynamics and its Applications ,Newton's Law of Cooling,Calorimetry ,Bulk Modulus of Gases, Wien's Displacement Law, Stefan's Law ,Kirchhoff's Law ,Kinetic Theory of Gases

  • HC Verma Solution Chapter-22 Photmetry

    Total Radiant Flux ,Luminosity of Radiant Flux , Luminous Flux : Relative Luminosity , ,Luminous Efficiency ,Worked Out Examples , Luminous Intensity or Illuminating Power ,Questions for Short Answer , Illuminance , Inverse Square Law  , Lambert's Cosine Law, Photometers


  • HC Verma Solution Chapter-21 Speed of Light

     Historical Introduction , Relation Between u, v and R for Spherical Mirrors , Fizeau Method , Extended Objects and Magnification  Foucault Method , Refraction at Plane Surfaces , Michelson Method


  • HC Verma Chapter-6 Solution - FRICTION

    Friction as the Component of Contact Force,Kinetic Friction,Static Friction, Laws of Friction, Understanding Friction at Atomic Level, A Laboratory Method to Measurement ,Friction Coefficient


  • HC Verma Chapter-7 Solution - CIRCULAR MOTION

    Circular Motion
     Angular Variables,Unit Vectors along the Radius and the Tangent,Acceleration in Circular Motion, Dynamics of Circular Motion, Circular Turnings and Banking of Roads, Centrifugal Force, Effect of Earth's Rotation on Apparent Weight


  • HC Verma Chapter-13 Solution HCV Fluid Mechanics

    Fluid Mechanics, Fluids, Pressure in a Fluid, Pascal's Law, Atmospheric Pressure and Barometer, Archimedes' Principle, Pressure Difference and Buoyant Force in Accelerating Fluids, Flow of Fluids, Steady and Turbulent Flow, Irrotational Flow of an
    Incompressible and Nonviscous Fluid, Equation of Continuity, Bernoulli's Equation, Applications of Bernoulli's Equation


  • HC Verma Chapter-14 Solution HCV Some Mechanical Properties of Matter

     Molecular Structure of a Material, Elasticity, Stress,Strain, Hooke's Law and the Modulii of Elasticity, Relation between Longitudinal Stress and Strain, Elastic Potential Energy of a Strained Body, Determination of Young's Modulus in Laboratory, Surface Tension, Surface Energy, Excess Pressure Inside a Drop, Excess Pressure/ in a Soap Bubble, Contact Angle, Rise of Liquid in a Capillary Tube, Viscosity, Flow through a Narrow Tube : Poiseuille's Equation, Stokes' Law, Terminal Velocity, Measuring Coefficient of Viscosity by Stokes' Method, Critical Velocity and Reynolds Number, Simple Pendulum ,Physical Pendulum,Torsional Pendulum, Composition of Two Simple Harmonic Motions,Damped Harmonic Motion, Forced Oscillation and Resonance

     


  • HC Verma Chapter-16 Solution HCV Sound Waves

    The Nature and Propagation of Sound Waves ,Displacement Wave and Pressure Wave,Speed of a Sound Wave in a Material Medium Speed of Sound in a Gas : Newton's,Formula and Laplace's Correction, Effect of Pressure, Temperature andHumidity on the Speed of Sound in Air, Intensity of Sound Waves, Appearance of Sound to Human Ear, Interference of Sound Waves, Standing Longitudinal Waves and Vibrations of Air Columns, Determination of Speed of Sound in Air, Beats, Diffraction, Doppler Effect, Sonic Booms, Musical Scale, Acoustics of Buildings


  • HC Verma Chapter-20 Solution HCV Dispersion and Spectra

     Dispersion , Dispersive Power ,Dispersion without Average Deviation and Average Deviation without Dispersion ,Spectrum , Kinds of Spectra ,Ultraviolet and Infrared Spectrum , Spectrometer , Rainbow


  • HC Verma Chapter-19 Solution HCV Optical Instruments

     The Eye , The Apparent Size , Simple Microscope , Compound Microscope , Telescopes ,Resolving Power of a Microscope and a Telescope, Defects of Vision


  • HC Verma Chapter-18 Solution Geometrical Optics

    Reflection at Smooth Surfaces  Spherical Mirrors , Relation Between u, v and R for Spherical Mirrors , Extended Objects and Magnification , Refraction at Plane Surfaces , Critical Angle , Optical Fibre , Prism , Refraction at Spherical Surfaces , Extended Objects : Lateral Magnification , Refraction through Thin Lenses , Lens Maker's Formula and Lens Formula , Extended Objects : Lateral Magnification , Power of a Lens , Thin Lenses in Contact , Two Thin Lenses Separated By a Distance , Defects of Images


  • HC Verma Chapter-15 Solution HCV Wave Motion and Waves on a String

     Wave Motio,Wave Pulse on a String, Sine Wave Travelling on a String, Velocity of a Wave on a String, Power Transmitted along the String by a Sine Wave Interference and the Principle of Superposition, Interference of Waves Going in Same Direction, Reflection and Transmission of Waves, Standing Waves, Standing Waves on a String Fixed at Both Ends (Qualitative Discussion), Analytic Treatment of Vibration of a String Fixed at Both Ends, Vibration of a String Fixed at One End, Laws of Transverse Vibrations of a
    String : Sonometer, Transverse and Longitudinal Waves, Polarization of Waves


  • HC Verma Solution Chapter-11 Gravitation

    HCV Solution Historical Introduction, Measurement of Gravitational Constant , Gravitational Potential Energy , Gravitational Potential ,Calculation of Gravitational Potential , Gravitational Field , Relation between Gravitational Field and Potential  , Calculation of Gravitational Field , Variation in the Value of g , Planets and Satellites , Kepler's Laws , Weightlessness in a Satellite , Escape Velocity , Gravitational Binding Energy , Black Holes , Inertial and Gravitational Mass , Possible Changes in the Law of Gravitation


  • Physics Formulae Volume-1

    Physics formulae for all competitive exams like IIT-JEE, JEE- advance, NEET, ICAR, CET , AIIMS etc.


  • HC Verma Chapter-12 Solution Simple Harmonic Motion

    Simple Harmonic Motion 
     Qualitative Nature of Simple Harmonic Motion , Equation of Motion of a Simple Harmonic Motion, Terms Associated with Simple Harmonic Motion , Simple Harmonic Motion as a Projection of Circular Motion , Energy Conservation in Simple Harmonic Motion , Angular Simple Harmonic Motion


  • HC Verma Chapter-3 Solution - Rest and Motion : Kinematics

    Rest and Motion, Distance and Displacement , Average Speed and Instantaneous Speed , Average Velocity and Instantaneous Velocity , Average Acceleration and Instantaneous Acceleration , Motion in a Straight Line , Motion in a Plana , Projectile. Motion , Change of Frame


  • HC Verma Chapter-4 Solution -The Forces

    Introduction , Gravitational Force , Electromagnetic (EM) Force ,Nuclear Forces , Weak Forces , Scope of Classical Physics


  • HC Verma Chapter-5 Solution - Newton's Laws of Motion

    First Law of Motion, Second Law of Motion, Working with Newton's First and Second Law , Newton's Third Law of Motion , Pseudo Forces , The Horse and the Cart , Inertia


  • HC Verma Solution Chapter-1 Units and Measurment

    Introduction to Physics, What Is Physics ? , Physics and Mathematics ,Units ,Definitions of Base Units ,Dimension, Uses of Dimension , Order of Magnitude , The Structure of World


  • HC Verma Chapter-2 Solution - Physics and Mathematics

    Vectors and Scalars, Equality of Vectors,Addition of Vectors, Multiplication of a Vector by a Number, Subtraction of Vectors, Resolution of Vectors, Dot Product or Scalar Proudct of Two Vectors , Cross Product or Vector Product of Two Vectors dy ,Differential Calculus • as Rate Measurer • dx , Maxima and Minima , Integral Calculus , Significant Digits , Significant Digits in Calculations , Errors in Measurement


  • HC Verma Chapter-17 Solution HCV Light Waves

    The Nature of ,Light Waves , Hiiygens' Principle , Young's Double Hole Experiment , Young's Double Slit Experiment , Optical Path , Interference from Thin Films , Fresnel's Biprism, Coherent and Incoherent Sources , Diffraction of Light, Fraunhofer Diffraction by a Single Slit, Fraunhofer Diffraction by a Circular Aperture , Fresnel Diffraction at a Straight Edge , Limit of Resolution , Scattering of Light , Polarization of Light


  • HC Verma Chapter-9 Solution - CENTRE OF MASS, LINEAR MOMENTUM, COLLISION

    Centre of Mass, Linear Momentum, Collision

    9.1 Centre of Mass 9.2 Centre of Mass of Continuous Bodies 9.3 Motion of the Centre of Mass 9.4 Linear Momentum and its Conservation Principle 9.5 Rocket Propulsion 9.6 Collision 9.7 Elastic Collision in One Dimension 9.8 Perfectly Inelastic Collision in One Dimension 9.9 Coefficient of Restitution 9.10 Elastic Collision in Two


  • HC Verma Chapter-10 Solution - ROTATIONAL MECHANICS

    10.1 Rotation of a Rigid Body about a Given Fixed Line 10.2 Kinematics10.3 Rotational Dynamics 10.4 Torque of a Force about the Axis of Rotation 10.6 Bodies in Equilibrium10.7 Bending of a Cyclist on a Horizontal Turn 10.8 Angular Momentum 10.9 L= 10
    10.10 Conservation of Angular Momentum 10.11 Angular Impulse 10.12 Kinetic Energy of a Rigid Body Rotating About a Given Axis 10.13 Power Delivered and Work Done by a Torque  10.14 Calculation of Moment of Inertia10.15 Two Important Theorems on Moment of Inertia 10.16 Combined Rotation and Translation 10.17 Rolling 10.18 Kinetic Energy of a Body in Combined
    Rotation and Translation 10.19 Angular Momentum of a Body in Combined Rotation and Translation 10.20 Why Does a Rolling Sphere Slow Down ?


  • HC Verma Chapter-8 Solution - WORK AND ENERGY

    8.1 Kinetic Energy 8.2 Work and Work-energy Theorem 8.3 Calculation of Work Done 8.4 Work-energy Theorem for a System of Particles 8.5 Potential Energyx 8.6 Conservative and Nonconservative Forces8.7 Definition of Potential Energy and
    Conservation of Mechanical Energy Change in the Potential Energy in a Rigid-body-motion 8.9 Gravitational Potential Energy 8.10 Potential Energy of a Compressed or Extended Spring 8.11 Different Forms of Energy : Mass Energy Equivalence